The cultivation of broccoli is not very difficult, it is essential to implement a good soil preparation before proceeding to planting. Especially the preparation of the land must be carried out a few months before planting of broccoli seedlings, during this period it is also necessary to fertilize.
The best months to grow this vegetable are the spring and early summer months, so we recommend start tillage already during the autumn months.
When we begin to prepare the soil we must be careful to proceed with the digging at least forty-fifty centimeters deep so that the manure is able to penetrate well into the earth. Once the first furrow has been made, it must be fertilized and then covered with soil. This operation will be carried out for the entire size of the land that we intend to cultivate with broccoli.
The furrows made after the first one must all be parallel and well spaced so that each row of seedlings has enough space to grow and develop adequately.
There are several varieties of broccoli that differ in their shape and the place in which they grow. For example we can cite the Romanesco broccoli which is clearer than the common broccoli, the branchy broccoli and the Creazzo broccoli this last variety is well known in the cities of Veneto since it is precisely here that it is grown.
Although it is a strong enough plant it can be easily hit by pests and you have to be very careful about how much water we give because, if it stays too much in contact with the water, it easily tends to rot.
The sowing period is that of the spring months, waiting for the temperatures to start to be milder. It will be necessary to take special containers and sow broccoli in such a way that during the first summer months, about thirty days after sowing,you can get about twelve centimeters tall plants which will then be transplanted. Sowing can also be carried out later than in the spring months, it all depends a lot on the climate in which we find ourselves.
It must also be calculated that the plants must be placed at a certain distance from each other, to avoid that, during the growth, they can damage each other. The ideal number is about 4 plants per square meter of land. Holes must be prepared with the aid of an awl, in which the plants will be planted.