Few flowers in the world can boast such a clear record as roses, loved and, in many cases, adored by all for their beauty that speaks to those who take them in their hands, cultivate them and possess them.
They are fascinating and for centuries, they have dominated the gardens resisting fashions and, on the contrary, multiplying their variation.
Royal gardens have been monopolized by roses, an example is the melancholic rose garden dedicated to the beloved and elegant Grace Kelly, in the Principality of Monaco, or the Rosenborg Slot of Copehagen; but, regardless of the lineage, anyone can cultivate and create a rose garden, satisfying their floral and aesthetic tastes.
One of their strengths is variety: they are probably, among all plants, those that come in a thousand colors, geometric shapes, sizes.
Those who love roses can make them stand out in their own garden, either by dedicating it one hundred percent to the cultivation of this plant, or by mixing it with others. In both cases, you will get a special result, having some precautions.
Cultivating an entire garden with roses, contrary to what is commonly thought, is a winning choice, and it is thanks to the type of flexible, versatile and variegated plant, which is the rose. There are many hybrid variants that cover the entire chromatic range, which goes from the lightest and neutral colors to the brightest ones, all the flower sizes and aesthetic shapes: you just need to know how to choose to get a unique and original place.
HOW TO CULTIVATE (AND HAVE) MAGNIFICENT ROSES
Planting roses, regardless of the type, whether shrub or climbing or isolated, requires some essential precautions.
The first is to choose a sunny place, because roses, with the exception of some tree variants, need well-lit and airy places to grow and become the magnificent plants they are. Sun and air are already sufficient to guarantee a beautiful flowering.
Secondly, the composition of the soil must not be neglected: it must not be heavy. So clayey soils must be "corrected" with humiferous materials which guarantee a always moist but never saturated soil. The need for a wet bottom is that it retains more of the nutrients needed by the plant.
Another precaution is to give the new plant a rested soil. It is good that, in the sunny and ventilated place we have chosen, there have not been for a long time, rose plants: these, in fact, tend to exhaust the soil itself, absorbing all the nutritional properties. Therefore, in case of replacement of an old shrub / plant with a new one, it will be necessary to replace a part of the base soil.
To get the best out of roses, care must be aimed at ensuring the right nourishment and good pruning.
As for nutrition, it is good practice to mix fertilizer with the surrounding soil (attention: it must be specific for roses!) Taking care that it is rich in phosphorus and that it is distributed at the right times of the year: at the beginning and at the end in spring and mid summer.
Pruning is fundamental. Pruning allows us to have a second more abundant and luxuriant flowering. Like? The old flower is removed until it reaches just above the first bud immediately following the removed flower.